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The Costs Of Running A Bitcoin Node In Nigeria

5 min read
The Costs Of Running A Bitcoin Node In Nigeria

In this text, I enumerate the prices of establishing and working a node in Nigeria, knowledgeable by my expertise of working one over the previous couple of years. I additionally provide some value mitigating recommendations to hopefully encourage extra participation on the bitcoin community.

Earlier than exploring the prices concerned: What’s a bitcoin node?

A bitcoin node is software program that connects to the Bitcoin peer-peer community. A node receives, validates and broadcasts transactions/blocks to different nodes on the community, in accordance with the community guidelines. Ted Stevenot concisely described nodes because the messengers and rule keepers of Bitcoin.

The broadcast blocks are a part of a distributed ledger which incorporates information of every transaction, retains monitor of bitcoin possession and the corresponding quantity owned. This publicly shared ledger is commonly known as the Bitcoin blockchain.

A Bitcoin node is often run on moveable single-board computer systems (SBCs) just like the Raspberry Pi, or on a personal computer. Nevertheless, a node can be run in a digital machine or on a smartphone. Bitcoin Core is probably the most broadly used bitcoin node software program and might be downloaded here.

Nodes can both be full or gentle:

A full node shops a full copy of the blockchain and verifies each transaction and block, from the primary block — the genesis block — in opposition to the consensus guidelines. Consensus rules are particular rulesets enforced by full nodes to find out the validity of a block and its transactions.

There are two varieties of full nodes: archival nodes and pruned nodes. Archival nodes retailer the whole blockchain domestically and relay it to different nodes, this additionally helps to bootstrap new ones. In the meantime, a pruned node solely saves a specified minimal variety of blocks because it verifies transactions and blocks. Therefore, extra laptop disk is saved by pruned nodes in comparison with archival nodes. Nevertheless, pruned nodes are unable to serve the whole blockchain to different nodes.

A lightweight node doesn’t implement the consensus guidelines and depends on third get together run full nodes to obtain block knowledge, which includes a privateness trade-off.

Full nodes would be the important focus of this text — any point out of “node” hereafter implies a full node except explicitly said.

Why Run A Node?

There are private and community advantages to working a node. A few of these embody:

Privateness when broadcasting transactions, verifying bitcoin acquired in your pockets, and exploring blockchain knowledge, with out third events logging your private info.Strengthening the Bitcoin community. The extra nodes on the community, the extra decentralized and resilient Bitcoin is in opposition to malicious events, jurisdictional restrictions or black swan occasions.Increasing your understanding of how the bitcoin community operates and sharing this acquired information with others.

With a number of the advantages outlined, let’s analyze the prices of working a node from a Nigerian perspective.


The frequent {hardware}, that meet the minimum requirements, used to run a bitcoin node on are both:

Plug and Play nodes orDo-It-Your self (DIY) nodes.

Plug And Play Node

Some bitcoin corporations provide plug and play full node merchandise that run on SBCs just like the Raspberry Pi, RockPro64 and Rock Pi4, and mini PCs just like the Intel NUC and Librem Mini. A few of these node suppliers are:

Node costs vary from $300 to $700 — excluding delivery ($100 minimal to Nigeria) and customs responsibility — depending on {hardware} and storage measurement. Presently, worldwide purchases made on most Nigerian Naira debit playing cards are restricted to $20 per 30 days, a discount from a earlier $100 restrict. Your node buy choices are to make use of a greenback debit card — tied to a domiciliary account — with deposited {dollars} obtained from the black market (presently 70% above the official fee), use a digital greenback card which gives comfort however at a better fee than the black market, and bitcoin.

There are different obstacles you may encounter in buying a node. Firstly, not all node suppliers ship to Nigeria. Moreover, attributable to chip shortages, a few of these merchandise are out of inventory. A method of surmounting a few of these hurdles is using the choice availed by node suppliers of sourcing node parts your self, and putting in their respective bitcoin core embedded software program in your assembled node.

DIY Node

In sourcing {hardware} parts, we’ll solely take into account SBCs as they’re cheaper than mini-PCs. The {hardware} parts required to run an SBC node are:

SBC + energy supplySD card + readerSSD + enclosureHeatsink case/fanImage2

The present chip shortages and excessive demand for single board computer systems have led to an enormous improve in costs and provide deficits, Raspberry Pis specifically each domestically (used and new) and internationally. Nevertheless, some Raspberry Pis and RockPro64s can be found on Aliexpress. Regardless, there are some faux sellers on the platform, it is advisable to be particularly cautious of newly created shops, learn damaging evaluations and request a refund if an merchandise doesn’t arrive inside the estimated interval.

Contemplating the worldwide buy restrict on Naira debit playing cards, these SBCs will have to be bought utilizing a greenback card — there isn’t any bitcoin buy possibility. The desk beneath summarizes common {hardware} part prices from Aliexpress, for constructing new Raspberry Pi or RockPro64 nodes.



Earlier than a node is ready to carry out its function as a messenger and rule keeper on the bitcoin community, it must be synchronized with different nodes on the community. That is accomplished by downloading and verifying all of the blocks from the genesis block in a course of often known as the Initial block obtain (IBD). Presently, the bitcoin blockchain is roughly 440 GB in measurement.

The following desk summarizes the typical knowledge prices, from community suppliers, for the IBD and roughly 5.3 GB required month-to-month to sync your node with the blockchain. An assumption is made that you just reside in an space with considerably dependable 4G community protection.



To simplify the facility value evaluation, the belief is made that you just reside in a area with no electrical energy (no less than 80% of the time in my location) and can want a photo voltaic generator to energy the node and router, which isn’t preferrred because it’s climate dependent. Replicating one thing much like Chimezie Chuta’s Spacebox incurs the next imply prices.


Lastly, the estimated full node setup prices is tabulated beneath.


In Conclusion

Running your individual Bitcoin node has a number of advantages, a few of which have been listed earlier on. Nevertheless, with ongoing chip shortages, inflation and node setup prices (regardless of the assumptions and cost-cutting suggestions made herein), working a node won’t be possible for everybody. One sensible resolution could be to implement Arman The Parman’s circle of trust thought or Obi Nwosu’s guardians and users mannequin of getting a technical particular person run a node for a trusted group of individuals like shut associates, a household or neighborhood. This method does contain a commerce off, however is significantly better than connecting to 3rd get together nodes and helps in easing bitcoin’s custody problem.

This can be a visitor put up by Chinedu. Opinions expressed are solely their very own and don’t essentially mirror these of BTC Inc or Bitcoin Journal.

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